Gujarat has a long historical and cultural tradition. Gujarat is Situated on the western part of the Indian sub-continent,
Gujarat gets its name 'Gujaratta', i.e. the land of Gurjars. The Gurjars passed through the Punjab and settled in some parts
of Western India, which came to be known as Gujarat. According the Hindu epics Lord Krishna and his brother Balaram left Mathura
to settle on the west coast of Saurashtra at Dwarka. Which is knows as 'Kushasthali '.
Gujarat has various kingdoms like Mauryas, Guptas, Pratiharas etc.
The Chalukyan kings were able to put general prosperity and well being of the state.
After this glorious respite, Gujarat faced troubled from the Muslims, Marathas and the British rules. In the eighth century, the Parsees first landed in Sanjan on the shores of Gujarat, they fled from Iran. The Muslim influence
left its lasting imprints on the local art and architecture and it known as the Indo-Saracenic style.
British set up warehouses in Surat in 1612, before that Portuguese settled in Diu, a small island, southern coast of Saurashtra.
Gujarat's population is overwhelmingly Hindu, with Muslim and Jain minorities. The diverse ethnic groups may be broadly categorized as Indic (i.e., northern-derived) or Dravidian (southern-derived). The former include the Nagar Brahman, Bhatia, Bhadela, Rabari, and Mina castes (the Parsis, originally from Persia, represent a much later northern influx); among the people of southern origin are the Bhangi, Koli, Dubla, Naikda, and Macchi-Kharwa tribes. The rest of the population, including the aboriginal Bhil tribe, exhibits mixed characteristics. Members of the scheduled castes and of the aboriginal tribes form nearly one-fifth of the state's population. Gujarati and Hindi are the state's official languages. Gujarat is a birthplace of many freedom fighers, who played an important role to give the shape of modern india. Mahatna Gandhi carried the torch of national freedom and integration infusing the qualities of tolerance, brotherhood, non-violence and patriotism amongst Indians. Also Dadabhai Navrojji, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and more.